When in 1947 India was partitioned two of her far distant provinces were the victims of flung partition- Punjab and Bengal. Why these two only? Because, Punjab and Bengal were in the forefront of the revolutionary struggle against the imperialist rulers.
At the time of the great revolt of 1857, the so-called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, sepoys at Lahore, Jallandhar, Philawar, Nawashahar rebelled along with other places. One of the great historians Suprakash Roy, collecting facts from History of Indian Mutiny by Kaye and Malleson, wrote“peasant population of Punjab by uprooting railway lines and cutting away the telegraph lines etc, did participated in the rebellion after it started.”
The Ghadar Party and the Ghadar movement formally founded in the year 1913, though initially an Indians’ organisation abroad was a historical asset of India’s struggle for Freedom.
Bagh means Garden. From 13th April 1919 onwards, the small park named Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar city of Punjab no more remained a mere garden but the living witness of imperialist cruelty and at the same time, supreme sacrifices of our people in Punjab.
Udham Singh and Madanlal Dhingra represent another side of fighting Punjab, showing courage,determination,perseverance combined with incarnation.
At the time of Jallianwalla Bagh massacre Bhagat Singh was just a boy of 12 years only, but a revolutionary in the making. In the 1924 he became the founding Genereal Secretary of Nawjawan Bharat Sabha, a big and very influential revolutionary youth mass organisation worth its name.
The first major armed action with which Bhagat Singh was involved that was Saunder’s murder in 1928. This Saunder was Assistant Police Commissioner of Lahore and directly responsible for Lala Lajpat Rai’s fatal injury which led to his premature demise. Where Lala Lajpat Rai led a massive rally at Lahore against Simon commission in 1928. Before that Bhagat Singh and his close associates were already connected with Hindustan Republican Association (H.R.A) formed in the United Provinces. It was on the initiative and ideological re-orientation of persons like Bhagat Singh that H.R.A. was reorganized as H.S.R.A i.e. Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Bhagat Singh was person-in-charge of its Punjab Branch.
The incident of throwing a bomb inside the Central Assembly Hall (now the parliament) at Delhi by Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta created the nation-wide stir and opened the gates of revolutionary propaganda, as was plan ahead.
In April 1931, Bhagat Singh-Sukhdev-Rajguru were hanged to death inside the Lahore jail.
Kuka uprising Ghadar party/Kirti Kishan party/Nawjawan Bharat Sabha / Bhagat Sing-all are synonymous with the revolutionary freedom stuggle in Punjab as part of the Indian revolutionary freedom struggle.